萊雅十分重視產品生命週期各階段的環境安全性。環境安全保證始於原料(RM)供應。因此我們在植物來源RM(佔本集團產品四成)取得方面遵照國際生物多樣性保護規範,並在合成RM的製造中納入綠色化學原則。

接著,我們評估產品在經消費者使用後對環境的潛在影響。有鑑於髮品和身體衛生產品是在浴室中使用,故我們對水生環境尤其關注:清洗或沖洗身體和頭髮後產品會隨家用廢水排放,在水處理站經歷不同程度的降解,而後排放至溪流、湖泊、河流,最後到大海。萊雅自1993年起即已成立自有生態毒理實驗室。

我們的產品原料選擇是以下列環境標準為依據:生物分解性、生物累積可能及生態毒性。

  • 生物分解性是化學品受自然環境存有微生物快速分解的能力。我們藉此評估物質是否會持續存在於環境中無法分解。
  • 生物累積是指特定物質在活體及食物鏈中累積的能力。透過此項評估可以確認物質可能有害於特定物種生存的濃度。
  • 生態毒性是指原料及原料混合物對環境的影響。生態毒性是在實驗室中以代表特定環境的有機體為對象進行評估,特別是水生環境:微藻、無脊椎動物及魚苗。

我們在2005年已決心不再購買或開發會累積殘留、生物累積和生態毒性等方面缺點的原料。我們的環境評估程序涵蓋所有原料範圍。

除了上述評估外,我們也對主要產品族群進行了生命週期分析(LCA)。LCA是一套針對產品生命週期各階段的全面性多重標準分析:從原料供應到產品製造和之後的配銷,再到消費者使用產品後將產品成分排放至環境中的影響。LCA可用於如水足跡或碳足跡等重要環境足跡的評估。藉由LCA,我們也得以確認可透過哪些具體方面的改善以降低對環境的影響(如:減少沖掉洗髮精所需使用的水量)。

因此,我們採取積極的行動,以促進企業社會責任策略的實現:在2020年以前,我們所有產品的設計製造都具有環境或社會益處;同時,我們全球各地的工廠對水及能源的耗用與廢棄物產生量都將較2005年水準減少六成。

 

Environmental safety at the various stages of a product lifecycle is a priority for L’Oréal. Environmental safety assurance begins with raw material (RM) supply. The sourcing of RM of plant origin (~40% of the Group's catalogue) is thus implemented in compliance with the international regulations on the protection of biodiversity while the manufacture of synthetic RMs incorporates the principles of green chemistry.

Subsequently, we evaluate the potential impact of the products on the environment after use by consumers. Particular attention is paid to the aquatic environment due to the fate of hair products and body hygiene products used in the bathroom: after washing or rinsing of the body and hair, the products are discharged as domestic waste, degraded to a variable extent in water-treatment stations and then discharged into streams, lakes, rivers and the sea. L'Oréal has been equipped with its own ecotoxicology laboratory since 1993.

The raw materials for our products are thus selected on the basis of environmental criteria: biodegradability, bioaccumulation potential and ecotoxicity.

  • Biodegradability is the ability of chemicals to be rapidly degraded by the microorganisms present in natural environments. We evaluate whether the substance does or does not persist in the environment.
  • Bioaccumulation refers to the ability of certain substances to accumulate in living beings and food chains. Evaluation addresses the concentration levels that may be harmful to the survival of certain species.
  • Ecotoxicity is the impact of raw materials and mixtures of raw materials on the environment. Ecotoxicity is evaluated in the laboratory on organisms that are representative of the environment, particularly the aquatic environment: micro-algae, invertebrates and fish alevins.

In 2005, we committed to no longer acquiring or developing raw materials which would accumulate the defects of persistence, bioaccumulation and ecotoxicity. The environmental evaluation process was expanded to cover the entire raw material catalog.

In parallel with that evaluation, we conducted a lifecycle analysis (LCA) of the major product groups. LCA is an overall, multiple-criterion analysis at the various stages of the product lifecycle: from raw material supply, through product manufacturing and then distribution, through to discharge of product constituents into the environment after product use by consumers. LCA enables evaluation of the principal environmental footprints such as the water footprint or carbon footprint. LCA also enables identification of specific areas for improvement in the reduction of those impacts (e.g.: reducing the quantity of water that is necessary for rinse off shampoos).

We have thus committed to an ambitious approach to progress within the context of our Corporate Social Responsibility strategy: by 2020, 100% of our products are to be endowed with environmental or societal benefit. In parallel, our plants throughout the world have committed to a 60% reduction in their consumption of water and energy and in their production of wastes vs. the levels in 2005.